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Efficacy of Writing for Recovery

Mehrdad Kalantari, S.J. Ahmadi & S.R. Rezvani
University of Isfahan, Faculty of Education, Department of Psychology.

Afghanistan has been exposed to major armed conflicts, during the last decades causing loss of one or both parents in surviving children and adolescents. Of special interest might be the examination of a short group intervention, on their traumatic grief symptoms.

The project focuses on the intervention for traumatic grief in children and adolescents who have lost one or both parents during the recent war in Afghanistan. This is planned to be done by means of comparison of the experimental group with a waiting list control group.

The objectives of this study are:

1. To compare the efficacy of ‘writing for recovery’ on traumatic grief symptoms in experimental and control groups in post-test phase.
2. To compare the efficacy of ‘writing for recovery’ on traumatic grief symptoms in experimental and control groups in one month follow-up phase.

Sampling and data collection

The data collection is planned to take place in, Iran, with the assistance of a charity which is specified for supporting the Afghanian bereaved children and adolescent, affected by recent war in Afghanistan.The age range of the participants will be between 13 to 18 years. The experimental group include 20 boys and 20 girls. The waiting list control group also include same number of boys and girls.

Traumatic Grief Inventory for Children (Dyregrov et al., 2001) will be administered for all Afghanian bereaved secondary school pupils ( about 80 girls and 80 boys). From those with the highest scores on TGIC, 40 (20 boys and 20 girls) will be randomly assigned to the experimental and the waiting list control groups.


1. Demographic questionnaire
2. Self report form of Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire
3. Traumatic Grief Inventory for Children

Work Program

The study is planned to be completed within one year. The first author whose native language is Farsi will translate the Grief Inventory to Farsi. Research team will be located in University of Esfahan which is 300  k.m. from the city of Qhom  (residence of subjects). Data analysis will include the comparison of the two groups in post-test and one month follow-up.
The analysis will also include psychometric tests for TGIC.